The U.S. Congress created the EB-5 Immigrant Investor Program intending to stimulate the U.S. economy through capital investment and job creation by foreign investors.
This category of immigrant entrepreneur visas targets individuals investing in their own businesses. USCIS’s page About the EB-5 Visa Classification explains how investors can pool their investments through the Regional Center Program.
To qualify for this visa pathway, you must invest at least $1.05 million in a new commercial enterprise established after November 29, 1990, unless the entity is operating in a targeted employment area, which is an area with a high unemployment rate or in a rural area. For a targeted employment area, the minimum investment amount is $800,000.
You must also establish that your investment capital is lawfully obtained.
You must show that the new commercial entity will create full-time job positions for at least ten qualifying employees.
Immigrant entrepreneurs are admitted as lawful permanent residents but on a conditional basis. However, you must apply to remove the condition on your visa status 90 days before the second anniversary of obtaining conditional lawful permanent resident status.
U.S Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) https://www.uscis.gov/working-in-the-united-states/entrepreneur-employment-pathways/immigrant-pathways-for-entrepreneur-employment-in-the-united-states